Considered the powerhouse of the Chilean “economic miracle,” Santiago, located in a valley between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean, has become fusion of colonial roots and modern development. Filled with parks, renovated neighborhoods, and cultural sites, Santiago is becoming a top destination among tourists in Latin America.
Santiago’s steady economic growth has transformed it into a city with an interesting theater and restaurant scene, extensive shopping centers, an increasingly rising skyline (the Gran Torre de Santiago is the tallest building in Latin America), and South America’s most extensive subway system, the Metro de Santiago.
During the latter third of the 20th century Chile underwent political and economic tumult, including a coup d’etat in 1973 by military General Augusto Pinochet, an economic collapse in the early 1980’s and massive civil resistance leading to human rights violations between 1973 and 1990. Even today, effects of those difficult years can be felt and are often reflected in art, music, and theater.